Wednesday, March 23, 2011

List of infectious sheep and goat diseases

    * Prions: scrapie

Bluetongue virus particle

    * Viruses: foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue disease, maedi-visna, orf, tick-borne encephalomyelitis, peste-des-petits-ruminants virus, sheeppox and goatpox

    * Bacteria: blackleg, foot rot, caprine pleuropneumonia, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, chlamydiosis, Johne's disease, listeriosis, fleece-rot

A sheep showing clinical symptoms of facial eczema.

    * Funguses: Facial eczema

    * Parasites:
          o protozoa: Trypanosoma spp., Babesia spp., Theileria hirci, Anaplasma ovis, Eimeria spp., Toxoplasma gondii, Giardia intestinalis, Sarcocystis spp., Cryptosporidium parvum, Ehrlichia ovina

E. granulosus life cycle

    *
          o helminths:
                + flatworms: Fasciola hepatica, Fasciola gigantica, Fascioloides magna, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, Schistosoma bovis
                + tapeworms: Echinococcus granulosus, Taenia ovis, Taenia hydatigena, Moniezia spp.
                + roundworms: (including Hoose  Elaeophora schneideri, Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus spp., Teladorsagia spp., Cooperia spp., Nematodirus spp., Dictyocaulus filaria, Protostrongylus refescens, Muellerius capillaris, Oesophagostomum spp., Neostrongylus linearis, Chabertia ovina, Trichuris ovis
          o arachnids and insects:
                + ticks: Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Boophilus spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemphysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Rhipicephalus spp.
                + mites: Psoroptes ovis, Sarcoptes ovis, Chorioptes ovis, Demodex ovis, Demodex caprae
                + lice: Lepikentron ovis, Bovicola caprae, Linognathus ovillus, Linognathus stenopsis
                + Diptera: Anopheles spp., Culex, Aedes spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomya spp., Oestrus ovis, Myiasis

Typical arched back stance of lamb Nutritional muscular dystrophy, a nutrional deficiency disease

    * Nutritional diseases
          o Nutritional muscular dystrophy

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