Sunday, April 17, 2011

Banana Diseases

Bacterial diseases


 

Bacterial diseases
Bacterial wilt Pseudomonas solanacearum (race 1)
Blood disease Pseudomonas spp.
Bugtok Pseudomonas solanacearum (race 2)
Finger tip rot (gumming) Pseudomonas spp.
Rhizome rot Erwinia carotovora
Erwinia chrysanthemi
Javanese vasular wilt Pseudomonas spp.
Banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW), Banana bacterial wilt, enset wilt Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum

Fungal diseases

Fungal diseases
Anthracnose Colletotrichum musae
Armillaria corn rot Armillaria mellea
Armillaria tabescens
Black cross Phyllachora musicola
Black leaf streak (black sigatoka) Mycosphaerella fijiensis
Paracercospora fijiensis [anamorph]
Black root rot Rosellinia bunodes
Brown blotch Pestalotiopsis leprogena
Brown spot Cercospora hayi
Ceratocystis fruit rot Ceratocystis paradoxa
Chalara paradoxa [anamorph]
Cigar-end Verticillium theobromae
Trachysphaera fructigena
Cladosporium speckle Cladosporium musae
Corm dry rot Junghuhnia vincta
Cordana leaf spot Cordana johnstonii
Cordana musae
Crown rot Fusarium pallidoroseum
Colletotrichum musae
Verticillium theobromae
Fusarium spp.
Acremonium spp.
Cylindrocladium root rot Cylindrocladium spp.
Damping-off Deightoniella torulosa
Deightoniella fruit speckle, leaf spot and tip rot Deightoniella torulosa
Diamond spot Cercospora hayi Fusarium spp.
Dwarf Cavendish tip rot Nattrassia mangiferae
= Hendersonula toruloidea
Eyespot Drechslera gigantea
Fruit freckle (freckle) Guignardia musae
Phyllosticta musarum [anamorph]
Fruit rot Botryosphaeria ribis
Fungal root-rot Fusarium solani
Nectria haematococca [teleomorph]
Fusarium oxysporum
Rhizoctonia spp.
Fungal scald Colletotrichum musae
Fusarium wilt (Panama disease) Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense
Leaf rust Uredo musae
Uromyces musae
Leaf speckle Acrodontium simplex
Leaf spot Curvularia eragrostidis
Leaf spot Drechslera musae-sapientum
Leaf spot Leptosphaeria musarum
Leaf spot Pestalotiopsis disseminata
Main stalk rot Ceratocystis paradoxa
Malayan leaf spot Haplobasidion musae
Marasmiellus rot Marasmiellus inoderma
= Marasmius semiustus
Moko Pseudomonas solanacearum (race 2)
Peduncle rot Lasiodiplodia theobromae
Fusarium pallidoroseum
Fusarium oxysporum
Verticillium theobromae
Pestalotiopsis leaf spot Pestalotiopsis palmarum
Phaeoseptoria leaf spot Phaeoseptoria musae
Pitting Pyricularia grisea
Pseudostem heart rot Fusarium moniliforme
Gibberella fujikuroi [teleomorph]
Root & rhizome rot Cylindrocarpon musae
Sclerotinia fruit rot Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Septoria leaf spot Mycosphaerella eumusae [sexual stage]
Septoria eumusae [anamorph]
Sheath rot Nectria foliicola
Mycosphaerella musicola
Pseudocercospora musae [anamorph]
Sooty mold Limacinula tenuis
Speckle Mycosphaerella musae
Squirter (black end disease) Nigrospora sphaerica
Stem-end rot Colletotrichum musae
Trachysphaera finger rot Trachysphaera fructigena
Tropical speckle Ramichloridium musae
= Veronaea musae
= Periconiella musae
Verticillium tip rot Verticillium theobromae

Viral diseases

Viral diseases
Bract mosaic Banana bract mosaic virus
Bunchy top Banana bunchy top virus
Mosaic Cucumber mosaic virus
Streak Banana streak virus
Banana mild mosaic Banana mild mosaic virus
Banana virus X Banana virus X

Nematodes, parasitic

Nematodes, parasitic
Nematode root rot (burrowing nematode) Radopholus similis
Root-knot Meloidogyne arenaria
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne javanica
Root-lesion Pratylenchus coffeae
Pratylenchus goodeyi
Pratylenchus brachyurus
Pratylenchus reniformia
Spiral nematode root damage Helicotylenchus multicinctus
Helicotylenchus dihystera

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Alligator skin Light abrasions on fruit peel caused by leaves or bracts
Blue disease Magnesium deficiency
Choke Low winter temperatures
Dwarfism Genetic mutation
Elephantiasis Unknown cause
Fruit chimera Genetic mutation
Fused fingers Genetic defect
Giantism Genetic mutation
Heart leaf unfurling disorder Unknown cause
High mat Unknown cause
Leaf edge chlorosis Unknown cause
Maturity bronzing Unknown cause
Rayadilla Zinc deficiency
Rosetting Nitrogen deficiency
Roxana Unknown cause
Spike leaf Low winter temperatures
Split peel Rapid filling of pulp of fruit
Taiwan marginal scorch Unknown cause
"Segmented Banana"
Chilling injury to fruit One of the less common plantain diseases is exostentialis clittellus referred to by most plantain and banana farmers as "segmented banana". This is a result of the peel forming tiny inter-fruit membranes which cause the banana to appear as though it has been sliced before it is peeled. This is generally a result of freezing the fruit, and occurs most commonly in fruit that is sold in large stores or supermarkets.
Yellow mat Unknown cause
Yellow pulp Delay in fruit filling, drought, excessive shading, magnesium deficiency, poor nutrition
Yellows Lack of water
Neer Vazhai Unknown etiology
Kottai Vazhai or seediness in Parthenocarpic Poovan banana Unknown etiology, probably due to BSV infection

No comments:

Post a Comment