Monday, October 3, 2011

Asparagus(Satavari) cultivation

Botanical Name: Asparagus racemosus
Asparagus shoots

Other names : Shatwar, sootmooli, halyan, Satavari,Asparagus. Asparagus root,Satamuli, Wild Aspargus are the other names used for the Garden Asparagus. Satavari means who posses hundred husbands.

Classification

Kingdom : Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order : Asparagales
Family : Asparagaceae
Genus : Asparagus
Zoological name : Asparagus officinalis
Found In : Kouchibouguas National Park, Narnala Wildlife Sanctuary and Sariska Tiger Reserve(India)

Introduction:

Asparagus is a perennial vegetable arising from a root system of fleshy rhizomes known as the "crown".Its
Asparagus cultivation

Tuber roots are used as medicine  and  as vegetable. It is grown for the immature stalk and is harvested in the spring. Asparagus is good for heart. It is found throughout India including tropical and subtropical parts.

Plant Description:
Asparagus a weak creeper like thorny plant, greenish with numerous underground tubers. It is traditionally grown as a temperate crop but it has considerable potential for tropical. The Asparagus plant prefers light
Asparagus plat

(sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. Garden Asparagus grows to a height of 3 feet. It is an herbaceous perennial and is well known for its edible young shoots. It has fleshy roots and fern-like feathery foliage. Its roots grows 3 feet down in the soil. Young shoots are green succulent
Asparagus tuber roots

and tender. It has smooth and green stems which are 4-6 feet tall. It has green slender branches which appear more like the leaves than the branches. It produces male and female flowers on the separate plants. Flowers

are greenish, bell shaped, which grows in the group of 1 to 3. Round bright red berries are produced on the female plants and each berries contains several black seeds.

History:
Asparagus derived its name from the ancient Greek, who used the word to refer to all tender shoots picked and savored while very young. Asparagus is used in India for making several kinds of drugs. According to Ayurvedic text it is very much useful in case of reproductive diseases.

Other Species : Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus africanus, Asparagus declinatus, Asparagus falcatus, Asparagus flagellaris, Asparagus scandens, Asparagus umbellatus, Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus macowanni, Asparagus asparagoides. Garden Asparagus is known to have more than 250 species all over the world.

 White Asparagus - What makes it white
What is the difference between white asparagus and green asparagus? Does it make a difference in my recipe?
white asparagus

White asparagus comes from the process of etiolation, which is the deprivation of light. Dirt is kept mounded around the emerging stalk, depriving it of light. The plant cannot produce chlorophyll without light, thus there is no green color to the stalks.

White asparagus is considered to be slightly milder in flavor and a bit more tender than green asparagus. All varieties and colors may be use

Asparagus Growing Locations : Garden Asparagus found throughout India especially in the Northern India. It is widely grown in the jungles at an altitude of 8,000 feet. It is mainly grown in the gardens. It can also be found in the Kouchibouguas National Park, Narnala Wildlife Sanctuary and Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary in India.

How to grow Asparagus in gardens :

It is mostly propagated through seed, which are allowed to grow for a year. It is mostly planted in the spring season. The plant prefers acid, neutral, and alkaline soil. It grows in semi shade or no shade. The pant is
Asparagus crown

placed in the trench which is 12 -18 inches wide and six inches deep. The roots are spread out uniformly, with the crown bud side up, in an upright, centered position, slightly higher than the roots. It requires water
Asparagus fruits

regularly especially when it is young. Young shoots come out in early spring. It flowers in August and the seeds are ripen from September to October.

When and How to Plant Aspargus
Asparagus field ready for plantation
growing asparagus plants
Asparagus plants matured

In warmer climates crowns can be planted in the fall. Early spring is the preferred time for cooler climates, about 4 weeks before the last expected frost date. Crowns can handle some frost because they are below ground.

Asparagus is usually planted in rows. Trenches are to be dug  to plant asparagus sapplings in. Trenches should be about a foot deep and 1 ½ feet wide. Working some compost into the bottom of the trench will get the plans off to a good start. Small  mounds are to be made, about 6 inches high, along the bottom of the trench about every 18 inches.

Roots of each crown are to be spread over the mounds and to be filled in the trench until the crowns are covered with 2-3 inches of soil. As the plants begin to grow, one  can gradually fill in the remainder of the trench.

If one chooses to start asparagus seeds, one can start them indoors about three months before one's  last expected frost date. After three months, they should be about 12 inches tall and ready to plant outside.
At this point, they can be treated  the same way one would crowns.

Harvesting Asparagus

By the third year of Asparagus  plantation  tuber roots can be harvested . The finger sized spears are  ready for picking. Some people snap their spears off, some prefer to cut. If these are to be  cut below the surface,
Asparagus shoots

care should be taken  not to damage any emerging shoots. As a general rule, shoots should be about 8 inches long and the scales on the tips should not yet have begun to open.

In year three one can harvest for up to 4 weeks, then let the plants gain some strength. After that shoots can be  harvested  until it gets too warm for the spears to thicken.

Pests and pesticides

Not many insects are interested in asparagus. The asparagus beetle feeds on the foliage, but can be easily controlled by hand-picking, if started early.

Rust used to be a major asparagus problem, but most modern varieties have been bred for resistance to this fungal disease. A more likely problem is fusarium wilt. Your best defense here is offense. Look for certified disease free crowns and keep them growing vigorously.

Chemistry: 
The most important chemical constituents are Sitosterol, 4,6 Dihydroxy-2 (3 hydroxy isobutyl) benzaldehyde. It contains four saponins, (shatavarin) , these are steroidal saponins.

 Benefits of using Asparagus herbs(Medicinal Uses): 


Asparagus is used by physicians and herbal specialist to treat diseases in the following conditions such as, Moistens dry tissues of the reproductive organs, kidneys, stomach and lungs. The roots of the plants are prescribed for the diarrhea and dysentery.

Asparagus is known as the Indian 'Female Rejuvenative', as it is helpful in cases of low milk production, low sex drive, menopause, PMS, and infertility.

Asparagus is indicated in case of inflammatory disease. It also acts as an antioxidant and antiallergic.

Asparagus increased the force and rate of contraction in isolated frog's heart at moderate doses. It is used in the treatment of the rheumatism and edema due to heart failure.

Asparagus is used by the Pharmaceutical Companies for making drugs, which is used in case of disease like cough dehydration, diarrhea, dysentery, fevers (chronic), hematem

They are useful in the nervous disorders. dyspepsia, and tumors, scalding of urine, throat infections, tuberculosis, cough, bronchitis and general debility.The fresh juice taken in small dose acts medicinally as the diuretic and laxative. It an excellent form of folic acid, which is used in blood cell formation and prevention of liver diseases. It is also a good source of potassium, which helps in muscle recovery and prevents cramping. It is rich in Vitamin C, Thiamin, B6 and fiber. It contains rutin, which strengthens capillary walls, and GSH, which is the cancer fighter.

Asparagus a delicious vegetable :

The delicate flavour of Asparagus makes it favourite among the vegetable lovers. They are normally boiled or

steamed. There are so many vegetable recipes made out the Garden Asparagus. Its young shoots are taken
Asparagus fry

as the raw salad. It contains low calorie. It has no fat at all.

Sautéed Asparagus Recipe

Asparagus lemon
This simple sautéed asparagus dish is a fantastic accompaniment for poultry for seafood. Served with rice, this asparagus recipe makes a terrific meal all by itself.

Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 10 minutes
Total Time: 15 minutes
Asparagus ginger

Ingredients:
Asparagus - asian marinated

1 bunch fresh asparagus
½ large onion, finely chopped
1 lemon
1 Tbsp fresh thyme leaves, stripped from their stems
1 Tbsp butter
2 Tbsp dry white wine
Kosher salt, to taste

Preparation:
 Squeeze the juice of the lemon and set it aside.

Trim off the bottom 1½ to 2 inches of woody stems at the bottom of the asparagus and discard them. Then cut the asparagus stalks into pieces ½ to 1 inch in length.

Melt the butter in a heavy-bottomed sauté pan over medium-high heat.
Asparagus fry

Add the onion and sauté for 2-3 minutes or until it turns slightly translucent.

Add the wine and let it simmer for a minute or two until it reduces by about half.


roasted asparagus
  Add the asparagus and sauté for 3-4 minutes or until it's bright green and tender but firm to the bite.

Add the thyme and half the lemon juice and cook for a minute.

Season to taste with Kosher salt, add more lemon juice if needed, and serve right away.
 

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